Wednesday, March 28, 2018

The Implied Sense

So many words are part of our daily lexicon that it's rare that we consider the implied meaning or sense that it gives to the listener or the reader. As writers and communicators, we're setting the mood that envelopes the audience. To give substance to the piece, the tone needs to deliver the right attitude. That's one of the reasons why a few lessons in university English were indelibly learned while also coming to the realization about one particular word, "but."

Such a simple word. There were a few subtle things about it that were shared the night that the instructor faulted me on its use. She then turned to another student to explain what it meant to use the word "but." She also asked him to come up with some alternative words that convey a more positive attitude. The word "however" was one that was offered. Other words offered were "also" and "yet." offers some additional alternatives. During that class night, poor "but" was left standing in the corner like a rejected distant cousin.

The problem with "but" was that it is a negative word, implies a negative exception. Yes, it has a dual function in our vocabulary. It is a preposition that allows one to transition from one thought to another. It's also a conjunction used for similar purposes. However, it is best used to transition from the positive to the negative. For example, "We had a wonderful trip but the car broke down so we didn't have time to do all the sightseeing that was planned." explains this.

The "usage notes" regarding "but" are also very helpful. They deal with punctuation associated with the use of the word as a conjunction and when it is used as a prepositional beginning of a sentence.

No matter how it's used, consider the tone that your striving to achieve with your communication. It can be more positive if it weren't for all those "if"s and "but"s. It all part of the implied message.


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Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Guidelines to Publishing

Those of you who've been following my activities on social media are aware that I gave a talk last month about domestic and workplace abuse.

There was the research for the most current information and practices. There was getting past the barriers to reaching those sources. And the challenge of getting digital handouts was enormous. (Consider attempting to collect paper copies from a physical - not virtual - location when you have no personal vehicle but do have mobility impairments and the resources are more than 15 miles away in any direction.) Then came writing the manuscript (think speech). Started as a script with a resource list. Became a PowerPoint. Moved back to script. You're also aware that I was developing digital resources to accompany that talk. That was why we returned to the idea of a script. That resource was to become my first ebook.

Needless to say, there was a lot of learning to do about how to self publish. Enter the generosity of some virtual colleagues who shared their knowledge of e-publishing - from 2008. Technologies and software have changed about every two years. So the guidance about how to do things from one source was good but the the way to do it was obsolete (not to mention time consuming when it came to interpolation). Fortunately, some of those authors pointed to updated versions. And those updated versions pointed to newer instructions.

Ultimately (around the tenth hour and return to PowerPoint - with more success), I kept being steered to some of the best known self publishing sites that have instructions about preparing your manuscript for digital publication. (Some of them even offer advice on how to convert from digital to print!)

Publishing is more than researching and then writing a manuscript. There is an entire process to it. The foundation is creating a plan. (Yes, I know. Planning detracts from inspirational writing. Spontaneity detracts from delivering a meaningful message.) Over the past five months, I've uncovered some remarkable materials about the steps involved in publishing a book. It can be applied to publishing anything, including a resume or profile. And what has me talking to you today is coming across an email promo from Writers Market that talks about the 100 things a writer should know about publishing. It's extremely similar to other content that went before it. You know, I think we can rely on this information.

So today I'm providing you with links to the self publishing sites as well as the resources they provide about using their site to self publish. (Disclaimer: The next sentence is unabashed promo.) Just remember that you can come to me to get proofreading (or editing) services for your masterpiece. As is indicated in the name of this site, you can also just get a constructive critique.

All of that messing about that went into preparing for last month's talk had a starting point. The idea and presenting it along with a plan in the back of my mind about how it was to be delivered and to whom it was intended to reach. Of the 100 things a writer should know is start with a plan.

Now for that list of resources.


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Thursday, October 26, 2017

About Copyright Notices

So the publication is written, formatted, and ready to be published. Time to do the happy dance.

But wait a minute. There are those folks who think that because there's no copyright notice anywhere on the content that they're free to reproduce it or even put their name on it or submit it elsewhere and say they produced it. Let's get the copyright notice on this baby.

Er, what should be in the copyright notice? It's pretty simple. "@ [insert year] [insert name of author]". There. You've created the copyright notice. Want a variation of it? Okay. "Copyright [insert year] [insert name of author]". Just open any book to the cover page or the copyright page. You'll find an example in either of those locations. (Sometimes the copyright page is combined with the cover page.)

If you're dealing with those copyright neophytes, you may want to include some restricted rights language. Follow your copyright notice with the sentence, "All rights reserved."

Unfortunately, these folks have no clue about what "reserved" means. So you can expand the statement with additional details. The Book Designer provides the language that can be used for legal notices, both long form as well as short. There's no guarantee that they'll pay any attention to the language. However, duplicating services do understand what it means and they will not reproduce a work that lacks the proper notices. Heavy penalties are levied if they're caught violating these laws.

The Book Designer goes into a lot (I mean a lot) of detail about what to do if you discover your content is being "shared" all over the place. (Can you tell I've discovered another book publishing magi?)

Okay. It's time to start working on the manuscript, inserting the images, formatting the table of contents and chapter headings. Then this precious babe can get submitted to the publisher.

And the next bit of satisfaction can start. Rehearsing the speech.

Wait a minute. What about that thing called the ISBN?


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Sunday, October 22, 2017

Is This What You Want?

Yes, it's very prudent to go into a new environment and do a lot of listening before speaking up (and showing how much you don't yet know). It's also very easy to listen a lot and attempt to make an addition to the conversation. Then it's time to muster the courage to launch into doing something in the venue to gain experience and recognition.

So it is with stepping from reading, to writing, to submitting, to publishing, to becoming self published. There's all the stuff that has different names. What seemed like a straightforward reference to a particular portion of the book is not what it seemed. (This isn't First Grade anymore.) And looking it up before speaking only leads to finding great information but on a different path. Does that mean do more listening? It means learning the terminology.

Foot in Mouth

So you want to know how to handle formatting the front matter. Front matter is just what it sounds like. It means the. beginning of the book. But here we are in the Electronic Age. There are print books and there are digital or ebooks. The front matter for one is very different from the other. So you talk about wanting to format front matter to someone hoping they'll reveal some precious nuggets to get you started on your own project. You think you're talking about the book cover, title page, acknowledgements, foreword, dedication, and the table of content. Right? For a print book, that would be true. For an ebook, that's not the case. How much do you know? Not a lot.

The front matter of an ebook title page, copyright page, and table of contents. There are other parts of a book that are considered front matter. Those are probably what were in the novice's mind as they posed the question. There will be polite responses that attempt to guide. Don't be dismayed. Writers and authors are busy people. They're not in the business of tutoring while they're attempting to make a living at their craft.

Ask the Right Questions

So listen and learn the terminology, the lingo. Because we're so carefree with terminology (and sometimes because it's simply so basic it isn't even discussed), it's important to look up the terms to be certain you know how a term is being used. Yes, it would be ideal to have a mentor. Mentors are people who have the time to guide another. You can find them in discussion groups, professional and fraternal organizations. You can also find assistance from sites that provide professional services - for a fee. Having a professional do the work is going to cost money. If your budget doesn't have that space, your learning and development will be even stronger because you're going to get hands-on application with knowing what it is you seek. It's also called "trial and error" and at other times it's considered practice. Do it; test; see the mistakes; fix them; test again. But at least you have a greater awareness of what it is you're talking about and what you're requesting a service provider (professional) to do.


Let's say you do have the budget to have a service provider do the work for you. You tell them what you want. You need to do some screening. (No, not silk screening nor film screening; those are something else.) They need to be asking you questions to be certain they understand what you want. You're forming a meeting of the minds, a contract for services, that is the foundation for the exchange of money for product. Furthermore, you need to be asking questions about their level of expertise. You need to be aware of whether this is the first time the gig worker or organization volunteer has done this type of work or whether they have three or four projects under their belt. Where can you find representations of their finished product, their work samples?

Just the Beginning

So there you are. You want to create and publish your digital book. Now you realize "front matter" isn't the same thing in all cases.

By now and because of your research and listening, you've come to the realize that there's also formatting that needs to be done. It needs to be applied to different parts of the digital book in different ways because the publishing processor sees the different parts as separate sections. You need to ask the processor to handle publishing your masterpiece in the proper way. There's book cover. There's the front matter. There's formatting and saving. There's using the right template and properly formatting it.

And then there's the manuscript. It's another story. But the creation of the manuscript, and the various things that are embodied in it, is probably the predominant part of the conversations you've been listening to in those discussion groups. They're all important. But it's essential to understand the language and speak it before you ask for help and get a surprise.

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Saturday, September 30, 2017

The Selves

Selfies have become not only the rage, they're now the norm. Selfies are pictures that are taken of your own self by your own self. While they used to be single-person images, they've grown to include clusters of people. Although that would qualify them to be called "groupies", they're not. That's something completely different.

But as you can see from the opening sentences, the matter of how to use and when to use "yourself" compared with "theirself" or "themself" (complete with spellcheck's squiggly red underscore) can become problematic. Sometimes it's easier to go the long way around and just say "they did it on their own" or "they did it to their own self," which, admittedly, becomes a bit cumbersome. All that work to say something simple about "them."

So here's the skinny from

About "Theirself"

According to, "theirself is the nonstandard variant of (what else?) "themself." Its usage comes from 13th Century Middle England and is an informal usage, i.e., spoken by the common folk; not necessarily proper English. Have we spent enough time on this part of the exercise?

Checking the Sources

It's useful to check the guidelines about use and usage before jumping into the middle of the ocean. After all, you want to know you'll have good footing or an easy way to swim. In this regard, I did a bit of research for you who (like me) were wondering about this and gaining way more gray (which way to spell that, with an "e" or an "a"?) hair than you deserve. With a search string that queried the principles of usage between the two words (themselves compared with theirselves), an avalanche hit me.

These words are considered reflective pronouns. Writing Explained (WE) tells us not only do these reflective pronouns talk about what's being done, they also emphasize who is doing it. (Hint: According to Stack Exchange, it means the speaker is doing it to their own self. A bit like self flagellation, e.g., he was flogging himself.) EX: The class took theirselves to the bistro. Who did this? The class. what did they do? They took themselves, and no one else. (Maybe it was a private party.) One example WE gives is the classic "Please CC myself and Donna on the email." That was one of the grammar lessons from Third Grade. The speaker comes last in the enumeration. Fortunately, that phrasing is noted as being "nontraditional" (ahem) and the correct phrasing (called more graceful) is provided, "Please CC Donna and me on the email."

Now, I'm starting to get confused about which word to use, them or their. So let's just plow (did you know that the "plough" version of this word is British?) through all of this themming and theiring (not real words).

"Theirselves" is more typically spoken and is definitely not correct when written. Okay. Just don't use it. And if you don't speak it, you're less inclined to get confused about what to do when it needs to be (hint: never) written.

Them and Themselves

Grammar Girl is a major guru. She's a member of the American Copy Editors Society (did anyone know such a society exists?) and dutifully stays up to date on all things grammar. She even tracks what AP and Chicago Manual of Style have to say about proper usage. Apparently, this subject has been plaguing the brains of others. But the two monsters of style are at odds. Where AP says, with caution, it's okay to use "themself" but you may want to rephrase your sentence. Why? Because "themself" is considered that naughty of naughties, nonstandard, i.e., incorrect. However, guru Grammar Girl tells us "themselves" is okey-doke.

As for the Tangents

As for all those tangents that (ahem) arose, we'll deal with them on an item by item basis over the coming months.

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Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Review: For Dad

Some of us keep journals. Others keep vlogs (that is, videos of us speaking to a camera about our personal thoughts). They're personal. They're helpful in getting through some situations that are simply not comprehensible in any other fashion. Even more importantly, they are the tool we use when we dare not express our thoughts aloud with someone else.

It's sort of the duty of maturing adolescents to assert themselves and challenge authority figures. They need to figure out how hard to push, when to push, and how to be good, responsible people. And then there's learning how to deal with loss or death.

Techniques in good story telling involve many dynamics. Building tension is one such technique to keep the audience's attention. That requires having a good premise. The characters need to have charisma but they also need to have flaws.

There need to be contrasts. "For Dad" offers them from the perspective of the adolescent, full of promise juxtaposed to the comatose adult. We wonder what the outcome will be. A good story has an ending that's a surprise each time you experience it. Should the audience expect this conclusion?

Enter the adolescent girl, probably 15 or 16. Her father has just slipped into a coma. In "For Dad," we meet the unnamed heroine of the video journal. She is saddened at the loss. She poses one ultimatum after another to her sleeping father in an attempt to force him back into consciousness and reunion with the family. But those ultimatums are deals she makes after filling him in on what's been happening in her current world without him.

It's fascinating how much we learn from our parental experiences. Those are the foundations upon which we decipher how to navigate Life. Our protagonist has her first boyfriend. He wants her to break up with him. And she expresses what she realizes Dad will say in response to that situation. It shows she has a good foundation upon which to reason through good decision.

Her journal takes us through nearly a year and a half of fighting through the range of emotions that come from loss - grief, anger, depression, determination, resolve, acceptance. But she continues to bargain with Dad to wake up while also keeping him up to date on her progression through learning how to live and be vital again.

That includes being a teenager and going to the mall. Although they aren't the focus, we see the seasons passing. She meets a guy. She likes him. Opportunity lost. Opportunity regained. Bargain with Dad to wake up so he can meet the guy.

In her determination to get Dad back, she rummages through some of his belongings that were boxed and stored. She finds some things that were hidden. Best not kept for public viewing, especially for teenagers.

Seasons come and go. Dad's birthday comes around. It's celebrated by her with a nose ring and black lipstick - and more bargaining. But all the while, a return to living is evolving in the protagonist's life. More bargaining; more pressing the story forward. The tension is rising. It keeps us riveted to this story coming from a young perspective, one filled with promise.

Being vital culminates in taking a bike trip with the new boyfriend and a few other friends. They start from home on a journey to the coast, 400 miles away. She's still challenging Dad. She's still bargaining with him. When she makes that 800-mile round trip adventure, it will be tantamount to Dad's having gone on his own adventure and the both of them will complete their journeys and reconvene to celebrate.

Sure enough, her determination, her faith, have a payload. She receives a text message that Dad woke up. Since she's still on her own bike trip and three hours away from home by car, she (now a licensed driver) uses the car of one of the members of the group to get home. She's excited. She's so thrilled that she doesn't realize some of the things she's doing that are putting them in harm's way.

This is a short-short. The tension isn't predicated on what's not told (names, location, time of year) as much as it is on what's going to happen. Identifying with the experiences is also easy. No matter what the race or gender, the scenarios are of the human experience.

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Saturday, September 16, 2017

But It's Protected

The wonderful world of copyright. When did that evolve into law that provides legal remedies for taking the work of another, claiming ownership of it, and then reaping economic reward for the theft?

Outright plagiarism still happens. Copying and modifying a theme gets us into murky waters. And then there is the matter of ideas and proposals that contain the idea for a work. Some of it is entitled to protection. Some of it takes finessing in order to make certain it doesn't unintentionally become public domain. And some simply isn't protected - or maybe it isn't.

Advice regarding what can be protected comes from copyright lawyer, Brian Klems. "[C]opyright doesn’t stop at your words, but protects any original expression in your work, including detailed outlines, plots and characters." Not too many folks understand that. Consider the kindly folks in the church committee who are trying to approve a new program. Someone steps up to the plate and outlines something they believe will be worthwhile. It sits in Committee for six months. It languishes. Meanwhile, someone needs further details. Those are willingly supplied. After all, this is a church group that is founded on ethical and honest behavior. A year later the program is nixed but someone else produces a program that is eerily similar to the one that was proposed. The doppelganger has some nice aspects to it but lacks the true thrust of the original idea. The original idea is somewhere in either the back of the file drawer or last year's trash.

Then there's the idea presented to a professional organization. "That's a fantastic idea," someone exclaims. "Let's work on it together so we can develop the details." Of course that collaboration happens. And then the colleague is mysteriously unavailable, that is, until they produce an initiative under their own authorship.

We need to be certain of the ethics of those with whom we're working and that they understand the principles of copyright. That doesn't mean browbeat everyone with your encyclopedic knowledge each time you have a discussion. But some preliminaries are justified. Observe the members of the group and learn about their habits and beliefs. Notice how they treat others. Have a conversation about their understanding of limits and boundaries, what will happen and under what circumstances is a healthy idea. (Document it.) If you see eye to eye, move forward. If they breach the understanding, it's time to move on to a healthier environment that focused on mutual benefits.

Be clever with your creations. Be smart and informed with how you handle marketing and publishing them. Be agreeable but also be wise about the nebulous subject of copyright.

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